Device name(s): Woonerf


Approximate Cost:

Definition: A Woonerf is a Dutch term for “living yard” which integrates sidewalks and roadways into one surface, creating the impression of a guard and create a shared space used by both pedestrians and motor vehicles (in the U.K. these are called “home zones”). A woonerf create a situation where drivers and pedestrians are placed on the same level (no curbs) and drivers are directed along a path by bollards, street furniture, trees and varied and pavement treatment. Quite a few of these measures are in place in densely developed European cities.

Fast Facts:

  • Can be used on Local Street-yes
  • Can be used on Collector- no
  • Can be used on Arterial- no
  • Reduces Speed- yes
  • Reduces Volume- yes
  • Noise Impact- possible
  • Restricts Access- yes
  • Bicyclist Impact- possible
  • Transit Impact- yes
  • Parking Impact- yes
  • Emergency Response Impact- yes


  • slows traffic speed
  • shared usage of the right-of-way but all users


  • very expensive to retrofit existing street
  • difficult for emergency vehicles to access
  • limited application in suburban settings


  • 85th percentile speed is 5 mph above the speed limit or greater
  • 60% of households in affected area must support